Dolphins and whales are closely related. However, the pygmy right whale arched jawline is not pronounced enough to easily differentiate them from other species. They close down with their upper jaw and force the water through the baleen, capturing fish or krill. There are two main types of whales – baleen whales and toothed whales, and they are classified based on their feeding patterns. They breathe air and nurse their young with their own milk, they also have paddle-shaped flippers which encase hand bones with ‘fingers’. They are mind-bogglingly gigantic - much larger than any of the dinosaurs. Baleen whales feed from krill and plankton. Blue whales are predominantly blue-gray animals whose lower surfaces are lighter gray or white. One of the most notable facts about whale sharks is that they are the world's largest fish. Sperm whales, like blue whales, have faced extinction in the past. Blue whale facts for kids: learn about these mega mammals, with facts about blue whale size, characteristics, diet, range, behaviour and migration patterns To feed, baleen whales strain krills through the fringed plates of their upper jaws-attached baleen. Beluga Whales can swim backwards just as well as they swim forwards. 2. To be honest, we only have estimates as scientists are still discovering new species and subspecies! Read also: 50 Interesting Giraffe Facts That Will Tower Over You. When together, they communicate with each other and travel together, and moms and their young even touch fins as a possible sign of endearment. Gray whales are suckers, they literally suck amphipods from the bottom of the ocean taking in mouthfuls of mud and food before forcing the water, sand and mud through their baleen as they capture their prey. *, 50 Interesting Giraffe Facts That Will Tower Over You, 100 Snake Facts That Will Swallow You Whole, 30 Strange Flamingo Facts That You Never Knew About. There are 14 baleen whales, 3 sperm whales, 22 beaked whales, 2 monodontidae (narwhal and beluga), 38 oceanic dolphins, 4 river dolphins and 7 porpoises. The sounds they sing span 7 octaves, nearly the entire range of a piano. Why are whales special? This important body part is also responsible for insulating the body, enabling whales to survive harsh winters. More research is required to further understand the purpose of the singing and reason for the song diversity. From there, they produce distinct sounds. A sperm whale’s brain weighs up to 9kg (almost 20lbs) which is the weight of a small dog and 6 times heavier than a human brain. Many people may know what they look like, but only a few know more about them. Types of whales are grouped into 8 … Toothed whale types include sperm whales, likewise with orcas, dolphins, and porpoises. The sound they make can reach up to 188 decibels (anything over 120-130 is painful for humans). The 2 main types of whales are toothed and baleen. Gulpers are rorqual whales. However, they do not have notches, while the males have bulging heads. Learn fun facts about the largest mammal to ever set foot on Planet Earth. Whales are mammals just like we are. The initial impression of this substance was that it was sperm. Their songs are beautiful, complex, and ever-evolving. This oil was valuable to whalers who sold it for oil lamp fuel, to make candles, creams, and ointments. 5. The ocean is part whale pee. Unlike the hippo’s ancestor, whale ancestors moved to the sea and evolved into swimming creatures over a period of about 8 million years. Whales are unique, beautiful, graceful and mysterious; they nurture, form friendships, innovate, grieve, play, sing and cooperate with one another. A bowhead whale killed in 2007 by Eskimos was found to have carried a harpoon point in its neck for more than a hundred years. Moreover, it could last for hours. It is narrow as well, giving the mammal a deeply curved jawbone. Humpback whale songs have even appeared in the album charts. Sometimes they even help each other hunt.Humpback whales migrate farther than any other mammal on Earth, according to the NOAA. Another variation to consider is the diversity of the songs sung. Scientists have identified 184 distinct melodies recorded in one area over a three year period. Whales Types of whales. Killer whales are not whales and are the largest dolphins species instead. Whales are divided into two main groups The baleen whales and the toothed whales. Eventually, their tails became bigger and stronger for powerful swimming and their back legs shrunk. The Beluga Whale cannot only reach depths of 800 meters when they dive but their dives can last up to 25 minutes. But in addition to whales the toothed whale suborder also consists of all species of dolphin and porpoise. They received their name due to their large size and suitability as predators. They belong to the Cetacea family, and live only in seawater. Killer whales, also called orcas, are the largest marine mammal that is a part of the dolphin family. However, other types still have no known records of the same gender differences. Their distinct features are their dark or light gray color with light patches behind their eyes. 03 Typically, an adult killer whale will weigh around 3,600 to 5,400 kilograms. They could grow up to 17.9 feet and weigh up to 3,430 kg. Whale songs are not genetically hard-wired like mating calls. The range could go from small aquatic life forms like shrimp and squid to larger marine animals like seals and sharks. Humpback whale underwater - Vanessa Mignon, Saving the endangered North Atlantic right whale, Meet Delilah – Our Inflatable North Atlantic Right Whale, Sharing the Seas – Safe Boating for Sailors. The diversity of their diet includes fish, penguins, and other marine mammals like seals. Read also: 100 Snake Facts That Will Swallow You Whole. Whales are mammals fully adapted to aquatic life. Bowhead whales spend their whole lives in icy-cold, food-rich Arctic waters. Baleen whales are typically categorized as skimmers, gulpers, or suckers. Despite being so massive, this giant of the ocean feeds on some of the smallest marine life – tiny shrimp like animals called krill. Whales can hold their breaths for at least 20 minutes. Interesting Facts 01 Compared to the average full-sized human, the killer whale is an average of 6 to 8 meters long. Your gifts help us take action for whales and dolphins. Just like us, they breathe air, have hair, are warm-blooded, give birth to live young, and feed their young milk. Toothed whales, as the name suggests, have teeth,... Whale calls. The blue whale is the largest animal that ever lived and can grow to 90 or more feet and weigh as much as 24... 3. At a maximum length of about 65 feet and weight of 75,000 pounds, a whale shark's size rivals that of large whales. Whale are the largest mammals that exist on the planet. The story of Moby-Dick is real. They are the North Atlantic right whale, North Pacific right whale, and Southern right whale. Baleen whales have fibrous 'baleen' plates in their mouths instead of teeth which help them filter out huge quantities of krill, plankton, and crustaceans. Required fields are marked Toothed whales eat mainly larger fish, squid, octopus and some eat other marine mammals but their teeth are not for chewing. Some of the singer whales are blue whales, bowhead whales, humpback, fin whales, minke whales, and sperm whales. These magnificent marine mammals rule the oceans at up to 100 feet long and upwards of … The blue whale is the largest whale. Support WDC by shopping for yourself or a friend. Not surprisingly perhaps, the biggest mothers on earth give birth to the biggest babies. Toothed whales account for most species of cetaceans and include everything from the massive sperm whale to beaked whales and all dolphins and porpoises. Their songs are complex and must be learned from other whales. Your email address will not be published. Like their cousins, the dolphins and porpoises, whales do not have appendages to hold one another in place. Whale hair follicles have the same location as whiskers on terrestrial mammals. 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